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Idola et notiones falsae, quae intellectum humanum jam occuparunt atque in eo alte haerent, non solum mentes hominum ita obsident, ut veritati aditus difficilis pateat; sed etiam dato et concesso aditu, illa rursus in ipsa instauratione scientiarum occurrent et molesta erunt; nisi homines praemoniti adversus ea se, quantum fieri potest, muniant.

Quatuor sunt genera idolorum, quae mentes humanas obsident. Iis (docendi gratia) nomina imposuimus; ut primum genus, idola tribus; secundum, idola specus; tertium, idola fori; quartum, idola theatri, vocentur.

Excitatio notionum et axiomatum per inductionem veram est certe proprium remedium ad idola arcenda et summovenda; sed tamen indicatio idolorum magni est usus. Doctrina enim de idolis similiter se habet ad interpretationem naturae, sicut doctrina de sophisticis elenchis ad dialecticam vulgarem.

The idols and false notions which now possess the human intellect and have taken deep root therein, not only so beset men's minds that truth can hardly find entrance, but even after entrance is obtained, these idols will again confront us and trouble us in the very establishment of the sciences, unless men are forewarned of their danger and fortify themselves against their assaults.

There are four kinds of idols which beset the minds of men. For the sake of exposition I give them the following names. I call the first class, Idols of the Tribe, the second, Idols of the Cave, the third, Idols of the marketplace, and the fourth, Idols of the Theatre.

The formation of ideas and axioms by true induction is certainly the proper remedy to ward off and dispense with the idols. But, pointing the idols out is of great utility. For the teaching of these idols is to the interpretation of nature, what the refutations of sophistry is to common logic.
— Aphorismi De Interpretatione Naturae Et Regno Hominis, Novum Organum.